Artificial Intelligence and teacher shortages

VR headset

UNESCO has emphasised that 69 million teachers will need to be trained worldwide to ensure that the global education goals are achieved by 2030. The shortage of teachers in the Netherlands is becoming more and more evident in different tiers of education too. Artificial Intelligence could be used to support teachers.


A virtual learning environment, designed to help students develop their presentation skills, has been developed recently. In this learning environment, important elements of educational design (such as instructions, presentation exercises in front of a virtual public and feedback on eye contact and voice use) are facilitated by the computer system without the intervention of a teacher.

The VR system can also be used to save the data from presentations that students deliver and the feedback they receive. This data can give teachers an insight into the development that a student is achieving during a particular learning route in primary, secondary or higher education.

However, the data obtained does present us with a number of ethical dilemmas. How can the data be used in compliance with General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) legislation? How will personal data and previous achievements be used? For example, in the selection policy of institutes - before pupils/students are admitted to a new programme or course?

The researchers involved in this project would like to establish answers to the questions above.


In this project:

  • the learning outcome achieved in a virtual learning environment will be tested in a realistic education situation (in which the perceptions and experiences of teachers, students and pupils are key) and
  • a model will be constructed to use data such that compliance is maintained with the GDPR.




01 January 2019 - 01 January 2024


In this project, the Artificial Intelligence environment will be tested further and interviews with users will be used to answer the questions above.

HU researchers involved in the research

Would you like to collaborate or do you have any questions?