Can Special Light Glasses Reduce Sleepiness and Improve Sleep of Nightshift Workers?

Authors Mariëlle Aarts , Steffen Hartmeyer , Kars Morsink , Helianthe Kort , Yvonne de Kort
Published in Clocks&Sleep
Publication date 2020
Research groups Technology for Healthcare Innovations
Type Article

Summary

Nightshift workers go against the natural sleep–wake rhythm. Light can shift the circadian clock but can also induce acute alertness. This placebo-controlled exploratory field study examined the effectiveness of light glasses to improve alertness while reducing the sleep complaints of hospital nurses working nightshifts. In a crossover within-subjects design, 23 nurses participated, using treatment glasses and placebo glasses. Sleepiness and sleep parameters were measured. A linear mixed model analysis on sleepiness revealed no significant main effect of the light intervention. An interaction eect was found indicating that under the placebo condition, sleepiness was significantly higher on the first nightshift than on the last night, while under the treatment condition, sleepiness remainedstable across nightshift sessions. Sleepiness during the commute home also showed a significant interaction effect, demonstrating that after the first nightshift, driver sleepiness was higher for placebo than for treatment. Subjective sleep quality showed a negative main effect of treatment vs. placebo, particularly after the first nightshift. In retrospect, both types of light glasses were self-rated as effective. The use of light glasses during the nightshift may help to reduce driver sleepiness during the commute home, which is relevant, as all participants drove home by car or (motor) bike.

researchcomponents.publicationcontent.personslist.publicationauthors

  • Helianthe Kort | Professor | Research group Technology for Healthcare Innovations
    Helianthe Kort
    • Professor
    • Research groups: Technology for Healthcare Innovations

Language English
Published in Clocks&Sleep
Year and volume 2 18
Key words shift work, short-wavelength light, sleep, alertness, care professionals
Page range 225-245