Identifying components of self-management interventions that improve health-related quality of life in chronically ill patients: Systematic review and meta-regression analysis

Authors Rolf H.H. Groenwold , Marieke Schuurmans , Jaap C.A. Trappenburg , Arno W. Hoes , Nini H. Jonkman
Published in Patient Education and Counseling
Publication date 2016
Research groups Chronic Diseases
Type Article

Summary

Full text met een HU Account Objective: To quantify diversity in components of self-management interventions and explore which components are associated with improvement in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Systematic literature search was conducted from January 1985 through June 2013. Included studies were randomised trials in patients with CHF, COPD, or T2DM, comparing self-management interventions with usual care, and reporting data on disease-specific HRQoL. Data were analysed with weighted random effects linear regression models. Results: 47 trials were included, representing 10,596 patients. Self-management interventions showed great diversity in mode, content, intensity, and duration. Although self-management interventions overall improved HRQoL at 6 and 12 months, meta-regression showed counterintuitive negative effects of standardised training of interventionists (SMD = 0.16, 95% CI: 0.31 to 0.01) and peer interaction (SMD = 0.23, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.06) on HRQoL at 6 months. Conclusion: Self-management interventions improve HRQoL at 6 and 12 months, but interventions evaluated are highly heterogeneous. No components were identified that favourably affected HRQoL. Standardised training and peer interaction negatively influenced HRQoL, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Practice implications: Future research should address process evaluations and study response to selfmanagement on the level of individual patients

Language English
Published in Patient Education and Counseling
Year and volume 99 7
Page range 1088-1093

Chronic Diseases