Objective: To systematically review the relationship between lumbar proprioception and low back pain (LBP).
Data Sources: Four electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus) and reference lists of relevant articles were searched
from inception to March-April 2014.
Study Selection: Studies compared lumbar proprioception in patients with LBP with controls or prospectively evaluated the relationship between
proprioception and LBP. Two reviewers independently screened articles and determined inclusion through consensus.
Data Extraction: Data extraction and methodologic quality assessment were independently performed using standardized checklists