The Paradox of More Flexibility in Education

Authors Henk Plessius , Pascal Ravesteijn
Published in Key Competencies in the Knowledge Society
Publication date 20 September 2010
Type Lecture


From the article The paradigm shift towards competency-based education in the Netherlands has a logical counterpart: the need for more flexibility in the curricula. After all, in competency-based education it is recognized that learning not only takes place in designated places (school, university), but may happen every time when the learner is confronted with a challenge. This observation leads to the necessity to incorporate the learning outcomes of formal and informal education in one curriculum. As a result, the educational process becomes more complex and must be better structured to control the individual learning outcomes. In this paper we discuss this paradox: how more flexibility in the program creates the need for more control in the process. We also discuss what kind of IT-tools are helpful in controlling flexibility in curricula for higher professional education.


  • Pascal Ravesteijn | Professor | Process innovation and information systems
    Pascal Ravesteijn
    • Professor
    • Research groups: Process Innovation and Information Systems

Language English
Published in Key Competencies in the Knowledge Society
Key words Competency-based education, Flexibility, Learning activity, Higher professional education
Page range 301-309