Supporting healthcare professionals to encourage patients to decrease cardiovascular risk attributable to physical inactivity
The consequences of cardiovascular diseases are substantial and include increasing numbers of morbidity and mortality. With a population getting more and more inactive and having a sedentary lifestyle, the risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes rises. This dissertation reports on people with one or more cardiovascular risk factor(s) and who are having an inactive lifestyle, and how healthcare professionals can encourage these people at risk to become and stay physically active in a way that cardiovascular fitness is improved. The assumption is that if an intervention can reduce the prevalence of risk factors, it can also reduce the prevalence of disease. When cardiovascular fitness improves and a person is capable of keeping a physically active lifestyle, levels and number of cardiovascular risk factors can decrease in a population.