Authors D. Fluijt , C. Bakker , E. Struyf
Published in European Journal of Special Needs Education
Publication date 2016
Research groups Normative Professionalisation
Type Article


In literature, co-teaching is mostly defined as an instrumental and pedagogical means delivered by collaborating special and regular teachers, from which students with and without special educational needs benefit in regular schools. The importance of a shared vision on the part of members of co-teaching teams as to what they consider as good education for students is not mentioned in definitions of co-teaching. The authors argue that sense-making by reflection about what can be considered as good education – good teaching and good learning – is essential when co-teachers want to understand or change their practice or relationship with their partner. We reviewed 17 articles about co-teaching teams’ professional development and identified that challenges to co-teachers’ professionalisation mostly were directed to interpersonal and normative aspects of development in co-teaching teams. We elaborate on five distinguished movements that can bring about change in teacher professionalism. These movements correspond to the challenges retrieved from the literature review and can be used to contribute to move toward a new perspective on professionalism of co-teachers. A contemporary definition of co-teaching is proposed because former definitions do not suffice to express the value of constructing a shared vision on good teaching and learning. We argue that team-reflection is the missing link in terms of enhancing normative professionalism of co-teaching teams and recommend that further research should be conducted to value team-reflection as a means to overcome challenges of co-teaching teams.

On this publication contributed

  • Dian Fluijt | Lecturer / Researcher, Researcher | Normative Professionalisation
    D. Fluijt
    • Researcher
    • Research groups: Normative Professionalisation
  • Cok Bakker lector NP
    C. Bakker
    • Professor
    • Research groups: Normative Professionalisation

Language English
Published in European Journal of Special Needs Education
Year and volume 31 2
Key words co-teachers, co-teaching, team-reflection, normative professionalism
Page range 187-201

Dian Fluijt

Dian Fluijt | Lecturer / Researcher, Researcher | Normative Professionalisation

Dian Fluijt

  • Researcher
  • Research group: Normative Professionalisation