Speech and language therapists’ views on parents’ engagement in Parent–Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)

Authors Inge Klatte , Sam Harding , Sue Roulstone
Published in International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Publication date 2019
Research groups Speech and Language Therapy: Participation through communication
Type Article

Summary

Background Parents’ play an essential role in Parent–Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) as the primary agent of intervention with their child. Unfortunately, speech and language therapists (SLTs) report that parents’ engagement is challenging when conducting PCIT. Although focusing on and stimulating the engagement of parents, when needed, can increase the success of PCIT, little is known about what factors influence parent engagement. Aims To explore SLTs’ views about the factors that facilitate or pose barriers to parents’ engagement in PCIT. Methods & Procedures A secondary analysis of 10 interview transcripts about SLTs’ views on delivering PCIT with parents of children with developmental language disorder (DLD) was conducted. Codes from the original analysis where checked for their relevance to parents’ engagement by the first author. Potential themes were identified iteratively with all authors. Outcomes & Results Four themes were identified in the SLTs’ description of their experiences with the engagement of parents: mutual understanding, creating a constructive relationship between the SLT and parent, parental empowerment, and barriers. It became clear that SLTs were focusing on different aspects of engagement. Conclusions & Implications This study makes an initial contribution to our understanding of SLTs’ view of parents’ engagement and about what stimulates parent engagement or effects disengagement. SLTs play an important role in supporting parents to engage and stay engaged with therapy. Training SLTs on how best to engage parents, focusing on mutual understanding, creating constructive relationships between the SLT and parent, parental empowerment, and barriers, is necessary. However, more research is needed on how to train relevant skills in SLTs. Clearer definitions of engagement would improve understanding and judgements about how best to support parents.

researchcomponents.publicationcontent.personslist.publicationauthors

  • Inge Klatte | Researcher | Research group Speech and Language Therapy: Participation through communication
    Inge Klatte
    • Researcher
    • Research groups: Speech and Language Therapy: Participation through communication

Language English
Published in International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Year and volume 54 4
Key words Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, preschool children, therapist views, developmental language disorder
Digital Object Identifier DOI: 10.1111/1460-6984.12459
Page range 553-564

Inge Klatte

Inge Klatte | Researcher | Research group Speech and Language Therapy: Participation through communication

Inge Klatte

  • Researcher
  • Research group: Speech and Language Therapy: Participation through communication