One size does not fit all - mapping informal and formal professional development activities of vocational teachers

Authors Marjanne Hagedoorn, Maaike Koopman, Machiel Bouwmans, Elly de Bruijn
Published in Teacher and Teaching
Publication date 2023
Research groups Vocational Education
Type Article


Vocational teachers continuously tailor their teaching to changes in occupational practice, technologies, and student diversity. Teacher professional development is crucial for dealing with these changes. A longitudinal study was conducted to study the professional development activities of vocational teachers in the Netherlands. It resulted in a typology of formal and informal professional development activities. This typology consolidates preceding typologies, and specifies these for the context of vocational education. During a two-and-a-half year period, 26 experienced teachers detailed their informal and formal professional development activities in learner reports. The 386 activities identified were grouped in six categories of informal professional development activities and in five categories of formal activities. In total, three quarters of the activities could be characterised as informal, embedded in daily practice. Our typology could encourage vocational schools in facilitating professional development more effectively.

On this publication contributed

Language English
Published in Teacher and Teaching
Key words learning activities, professional development, vocational education and training, experienced teachers, learner report
Digital Object Identifier 10.1080/13540602.2023.2276743

Marjanne Hagedoorn

Marjanne Hagedoorn | Researcher | Research group Vocational Education

Marjanne Hagedoorn

  • Researcher
  • Research group: Vocational Education