Predictors of dropout in interdisciplinary chronic pain management programmes: a systematic review

Authors Janke Oosterhaven, Harriët Wittink, Jurgen Mollema, Cas Kruitwagen, Walter Devillé
Published in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Publication date 2019
Research groups Lifestyle and Health
Type Article


Objective: Systematic review to identify predictors for dropout during interdisciplinary pain management programmes. Data sources: PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Embase, and SPORTDiscus were searched from inception to 22 June 2017. Study selection: Screening, data-extraction and quality assessment was carried out independently by 2 researchers. Data synthesis: Eight studies with low methodological quality were included in this review. Out of 63 potential predictors identified in univariate analyses, significant results were found for 18 predictors of dropout in multiple logistic regression analyses in 4 domains, as described by Meichenbaum & Turk: (i) sociodemographic domain (2); (ii) patient domain (8); (iii) disease domain (6); and (iv) treatment domain (2). Conclusion: This systematic review presents an overview of predictors of dropout. The literature with regard to the prediction of dropout has focused mainly on patient characteristics and is still in the stage of model development. Future research should focus on therapist/therapy-related predictors and the interaction between these predictors. This review suggests future research on this topic, in order to generate better outcomes in interdisciplinary pain management programmes.

On this publication contributed

Language English
Published in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Key words dropout, chronic musculoskeletal pain, interdisciplinary pain management programmes
Digital Object Identifier doi: 10.2340/16501977-2502
Page range 2-10

Janke Oosterhaven